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Areopagus, Athens

4.6
#3 of 20 in Nature in Attica
The Areopagus is a prominent rock outcropping located northwest of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Its English name is the composite form of the Greek name Areios Pagos, translated "Ares Rock". In classical times, it functioned as the court for trying deliberate homicide. Ares was supposed to have been tried here by the gods for the murder of Poseidon's son Halirrhothius (a typical example of an aetiological myth).HistoryThe origin of its name is not clear. In Ancient Greek, πάγος pagos means "big piece of rock". Areios could have come from Ares or from the Erinyes, as on its foot was erected a temple dedicated to the Erinyes where murderers used to find shelter so as not to face the consequences of their actions. Later, the Romans referred to the rocky hill as "Mars Hill", after Mars, the Roman God of War. Near the Areopagus was also constructed the basilica of Dionysius Areopagites.In pre-classical times (before the 5th century BC), the Areopagus was the council of elders of the city, similar to the Roman Senate. Like the Senate, its membership was restricted to those who had held high public office, in this case that of Archon. In 594 BC, the Areopagus agreed to hand over its functions to Solon for reform. He instituted democratic reforms, reconstituted its membership and returned control to the organization.
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645 reviews
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4.7
TripAdvisor
  • Electrifying to see this intersection of biblical history and archeology. The Apostle Paul's words are inscribed on a plaque at the hill base. He looked up at the Acropolis and said, "The God who made...  more »
  • It is a rock mountain which can see Athens. It's just around the corner from the western entrance of the Acropolis, so climb it on your visit. The scaffolding is bad, but the scenery is very beautiful.
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  • Great view of the Acropolis... just follow the group of people climbing up the stairs to locate this lookout point :p
  • this place is nice because you have a nice view on the Acropolis and the Agora. If you want to live what the apostle Paul lived here 2000 years ago, read Acts chapter 17 when you are there
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