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Propylaea, Athens

4.6
#139 of 721 in Things to do in Athens
A propylaea, propylea or propylaia is any monumental gateway in Greek architecture. The prototypical Greek example is the propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The Greek Revival Brandenburg Gate of Berlin and the Propylaea in Munich both evoke the central portion of the Athens propylaea.The Greek word προπύλαιον propylaeon (propylaeum is the Latin version) is the union of the prefix προ- pro-, "before, in front of" plus the plural of πύλη pyle "gate," meaning literally "that which is before the gates," but the word has come to mean simply "gate building."Propylaea of the Athenian AcropolisThe monumental gateway to the Acropolis, the Propylaea, was one of several public works commissioned by the Athenian leader Pericles in order to rebuild the Acropolis at the conclusion of the Persian Wars. Pericles appointed his friend Phidias as the supervisor and lead architect of this massive project, which Pericles allegedly financed with funds appropriated from the treasury of the Delian League. According to Plutarch, the Propylaea was designed by the architect Mnesicles, about whom nothing else is known. Construction began in 437 BC and was terminated in 432, when the building was still unfinished.
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Propylaea Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
129 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • This is the building at the entrance to the Acropolis, and as you climb the steps the expanse of the site opens before you. Arrive early to avoid the area being clogged with tourists for the best phot...  more »
  • It is a point of high historical value which every local and traveler must visit.
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  • Essentially the gateway to the Acropolis. Quite impressive and really prepared you to enter the Acropolis complex. Don't miss the temple of Athena Nike on the far right, which is a distinct building in the complex.
  • Impressive area with a great historical perspective
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