Archaeological Museum of Thebes, Thiva

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Archaeological Museum of Thebes Reviews
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  • After Athens, few cities in Greece have had the history of Thebes with its many illustrious men. Beginning with mythology, Hercules and Oedipus, continuing in the historical period, Pindar, Pelopida, Epaminonde, all Thebans. The New Archaeological Museum (congratulations to the direction for the accurate and professional exposition) occupies a surface of 1000 meters Q. In which the visitor is accompanied through the various periods in which the history of the city has evolved, from the first Archaeological finds in the region, we pass to the myths associated with Beotia, then continue with the age of stone, bronze, the palatial period Mycenaean that saw precisely Thebes (with the founding of Rocca Cadmea in the XIII century B.C., still visible the remains At the crossroads of the modern Vie Pindar and Epaminonda) and Orcomeno, centers of vital importance of that civilization, the protogeometric and geometric that leads then to the Archaic period, then the classical, Hellenistic, Roman, the beginning of the Byzantine era that brought New prosperity to the whole region, the middle Byzantine, the late Byzantine where one has the formation of the Duchy of Athens with its main center in Thebes and finally the path ends with the section dedicated to the Ottoman occupation of Beotia at the end of Which came to the foundation of the Modern Greek State (1830). Regarding the exhibits, I wanted to report a SKYPHOS (CUP) with relief representing the foundation of Thebes by Cadmus, from Tanagra III century A. C., a red-figure crater with the apotheosis of Heracles in the Olympus of the FOURTH century B.C., a LARNAX (sarcophagus) in t. Cotta de The Mycenaean period XIV-XIII century BC with a procession of prefectures from the cemetery of Tanagra, another Mycenaean center of a certain importance of the region. The practice of wetting corpses in sarcophagi was rare in the Mycenaean world, the only exception being the cemetery of Tanagra, where several were found, such as another with scenes of hunting and bullfighting. Almost unique documents for this period the tablets with engraved the names of the visitors of the Mycenaean Palace of Cadmea. I wanted now to dwell on the KOUROI, the most famous of which and also icon of the museum comes from the sanctuary of Apollo Ptoos in Akraiphnio dated after the mid-SIXTH century B.C. with a lot of photographic documentation of the find. The sanctuary of Apollo Ptoos was a famous Oracle: This is confirmed by the many former votes found among which-precisely-a series of KOUROI. Every five years there were celebrations known as Ptoia feasts and were dedicated to Ptoos, a local hero who over time was supplanted by Apollo. From the sanctuary of Eutresis are a KOUROS and part of the statue of a goddess enthroned (beginnings V century B.C.), while somewhat singular is a LEKANIS with black figures with head of Hoplite (second half of VI century B.C.). Graceful a model in T. Cotta of a wagon with two female figures from Tespie Vi century A. C. Typical example of crafts beota, as valuable for the modeled a female head by Chaironeia of the FOURTH century BC. From the Kabiri shrine comes a votive KANTHAROS in black paint with the inscription KABIRO. The Kabirion, just outside Thebes, was dedicated to the Kabiros duo (a Dyonisos-like Hypostasi) and to Pais, his young assistant. In honor of these deities that came from the north of the Aegean were held mysterious rites. Of the Roman period I would report a splendid acefal statue of Hadrian in Greek heroic nudity with the Panoply da Chaironeia and in the courtyard of the museum a relief representing a Nike, by Tespie, perhaps a dedication and finally a series of marble lions of which the Best preserved was placed on top of a mound of a notable character (IV century B.C.)
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  • An excellent museum covering many historical periods, from antiquity (11th century B.C. until the Ottoman era). Very well organized and clean. It has a lot of staff in all areas ready to help. A courtyard with exhibits. It is worth devoting a lot of time to visit it. It is also very close to the central market of Thebes and to places where you can go for dinner or just for coffee.
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  • What a wonderful museum! I was the only visitor the whole time I was there and it was very informative and worthwhile! The museum is new, and a little unknown and only 3€ for the entrance fee. Considering what is inside, that is a real bargain! There is a lot of history in the Thebes region and this museum does a wonderful job presenting it in an informative and interesting way! Certainly worth a visit!
  • The 2nd most modern museum in Greece. A very interesting place to visit.
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