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Nelson's Column, London

4.2
#265 of 3,692 in Things to do in London
Nelson's Column is a monument in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The monument was constructed between 1840 and 1843 to a design by William Railton at a cost of £47,000 (equivalent to £4,648,142 in 2019). It is a column of the Corinthian order built from Dartmoor granite. The statue of Nelson was carved from Craigleith sandstone by sculptor Edward Hodges Baily. The four bronze lions around its base were added in 1867; they were designed by Sir Edwin Landseer.
The pedestal is decorated with four bronze relief panels, each 18 feet (5.5 m) square, cast from captured French guns. They depict the Battle of Cape St Vincent, the Battle of the Nile, the Battle of Copenhagen and the death of Nelson at Trafalgar. The sculptors were Musgrave Watson, William F. Woodington, John Ternouth and John Edward Carew, respectively.

It was refurbished in 2006 at a cost of £420,000 (equivalent to £612,163 in 2019), at which time it was surveyed and found to be 14 feet 6 inches (4.42 m) shorter than previously supposed. The whole monument is 169 feet 3 inches (51.59 m) tall from the bottom of the pedestal to the top of Nelson's hat.
Take a look at our London day trip tool to schedule your visit to Nelson's Column and learn about what else to see and do during your holiday.
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Tours To Nelson's Column

Nelson's Column Reviews

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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.0
858 reviews
Google
4.5
TripAdvisor
  • We were on a hop on hop off bus and just had to stop here, the column is the focal point of the square, surrounded by lions, it can be seen from quite a distance.  more »
  • I have been here many times over many years but spoilsports have banned dipping in the fountains, climbing on the lions and feeding the doos or pigeons.  more »
Google
  • It is quite high column at Trafalgar Square. Nice to see the figures at the bottom. I think they describes Waterloo Battles. But you can not see the monument from near it. You need to go very high building to see. It could be lower column to see Admiral Nelson's monument. Lions are beautiful. Some tourists try to climb on the lions. It is not right.
  • Such a nice part of London with so many food / drink options so near. I also love any phallic so Nelson's Column was an absolute treat!

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